Dear Parent, ever been in a situation where your child gets injured and you are wondering which steps to take first. Well, I am pretty sure after this, you would know how what needs to be done when your child gets hurt. This is the parents guide to giving kids first aid:
Wash your own hands with soap and water first. Use lukewarm water to wash away any blood and grime on the surface of the wound. Clean the cut with mild soap and water, too. Then gently pat the area with a sterile gauze pad to dry. If bleeding hasn’t stopped, apply firm pressure for up to five minutes.
Apply antibacterial ointment to prevent infection, and then cover the wound with a bandage until it heals. Keeping the wound covered, rather than allowing a hard scab to form, keeps the area moist, which helps the cut heal faster and with less scarring. Replace the bandage daily and look for signs of infection such as redness or pus.
Only first-degree burns should be treated at home. A first-degree burn affects the outer layer of skin, causing redness but no blistering.
To treat, run cool water over the area for several minutes, which will lower the skin temperature. Avoid icy-cold water, which will feel uncomfortable and may even decrease the flow of blood to the skin. Apply an aloe vera cream to ease pain, and cover the area with a damp gauze pad. Don’t apply ice, butter, or other home remedies, which can actually increase the size of the burn.
If your child is scratching her mosquito bite, try applying a cool compress or rubbing an ice cube on the bite for several seconds. You can also alleviate itching with calamine lotion or a paste made of three teaspoons baking soda and one teaspoon water. Also, cut or file down your child’s fingernails so that any scratching will be less likely to break the skin and cause an infection.
A bee leaves behind a nasty calling card — a stinger attached to a venom sac. Don’t try to pull it out with your fingers or the stinger will release more poison. Use a clean fingernail, credit card, or the edge of a very dull knife to scrape the stinger out. Wash the area with soap and water and apply a wet washcloth or cold pack for several minutes. Then apply a paste of baking soda and water.
If your toddler falls and hits his head, examine him for other injuries and watch for changes in behavior. If he cries but stays alert, he’s probably okay. Apply a cold compress to minimize swelling.
These are some of the first aid treatment that can be given to kids. Other ones will be discussed in the other part. However, we do encourage parents to make their homes kid-friendly to avoid injuries. Prevention is always better than cure.