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High or low Amniotic fluid in pregnancy

Amniotic fluid is the fluid that surrounds the fetus in the uterus. The fluid and fetus are contained in membranes called the amniotic sac. There may be too much or too little amniotic fluid. The fluid, amniotic sac, and/or placenta may become infected (see Intra-Amniotic Infection). Too much amniotic fluid (polyhydramnios or hydramnios) stretches the uterus and puts pressure on the diaphragm of pregnant women. This complication can lead to severe breathing problems for women or to labor that begins early—before 37 weeks of pregnancy (preterm labor). Amniotic-Fluid-300x221 Too much fluid may accumulate because of the following:

  • Diabetes in the pregnant woman
  • More than one fetus (multiple births)
  • Rh antibodies to the fetus’s blood produced by the pregnant woman (Rh incompatibility)
  • Birth defects in the fetus, especially a blocked esophagus or defects of the brain and spinal cord (such as spina bifida)
  • However, about half the time, the cause is unknown.
766x415_Leaking_Amniotic_Fluid_During_Pregnancy-What_Does_It_Feel_Like Too little amniotic fluid (oligohydramnios) can also cause problems. If the amount of fluid is greatly reduced, the fetus may be compressed, resulting in deformities. When oligohydramnios is present, the lungs may not mature normally.' This combination of immature lungs and deformities is called Potter syndrome. There tends to be too little amniotic fluid in the following situations: The fetus has birth defects in the urinary tract, particularly in the kidneys. The fetus has not grown as much as expected. The fetus has died. The fetus has a chromosomal abnormality. The placenta is not functioning normally (as a result, the fetus may not grow as much as expected). The pregnancy has lasted too long (42 weeks or more). Taking certain medications during the 2nd and 3rd trimesters can result in too little amniotic fluid. These drugs are usually avoided during pregnancy. However, rarely, they are used to treat severe heart failure. Taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs, such as aspirin or ibuprofen) late in pregnancy can also reduce the amount of amniotic fluid. Doctors may suspect too much or too little amniotic fluid when the uterus is too large or too small for the length of the pregnancy. Sometimes the problem is incidentally detected during ultrasonography.

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43-year-old discovers she was pregnant day she gives birth

Is it possible that you can carry a baby in your womb for nine months yet you don’t know about it? Also, could it be true that you can still get pregnant even if you have contraceptive implants? All these happened to Aleta O’Meara. The 43-year-old mother from New South Wales found out on the delivery day that she had been pregnant for a whopping nine months but had no clue about it. Of course she wouldn’t have expected to get pregnant because she was on birth control. “It was really petrifying to learn about my pregnancy in the emergency room. This was more so because my partner was still being treated for a disease that could easily lead to the baby being born with abnormalities. Also, I had birth control implants, which was meant to stop me from getting pregnant,” says O’Meara. PREG Aleta O’Meara and her surprise baby boy. He is called Toby. By the time she learned that she was expectant, only a few hours were left for the baby to arrive. The doctors had also found that she was anemic and had some other health complications, making her situation even more delicate. She never expected to get pregnant. She was taken in for surgery and a surprise bouncing baby boy was successfully born. She named him after his father Toby. O’Meara and her partner Rob. O’Meara already had a 13-year-old daughter called Jaseta from her previous relationship. She is also a mother to Mazzy and Cohen, who are from her present husband’s ex-lover. The kids. Toby is reportedly doing fine despite his father's earlier health concerns. His mother says he loves life and is likely to surprise them again in future.

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2 men are pregnant expecting first biological son 

Gay husband and husband are expecting a bouncing baby boy soon - No, they are not adopting him. He will be their first biological child - The couple, however, has two other children that they had adopted earlier - Coming of their own child is something they have always dreamt about - Since people want to know why and how HE got pregnant, they are happy to share If you thought only women can carry and bear children, then you may need to reconsider your thinking. Two heavily pregnant men are expecting their first ever biological child in summer. And just like any other couple, they simply can’t hide the joy that comes with it. Trystan Reese and Biff Chaplow, from Portland, have confirmed that their own baby boy is on his way. They are eagerly waiting to meet him this coming summer. nnn Preparations are in top gear. However, questions are already being asked. Many people seem interested in knowing why a man who got married to another man decided to get pregnant. ggggb Trystan Reese and Biff Chaplow. “We understand that not everyone appreciates us for being who we are. Some actually think that we don’t like our bodies and that’s why we transition,” says Trystan, a happy and proud transgender. For clarity, Trystan was a female when she was born, but decided to transition and become a man. It may seem as if ‘he’ was born in a wrong body, but he disagrees. “All I ever wanted was to look like a man, complete with deep voice and some beard. That was just enough for me,” says Trystan. Trystan was a female when she was born, but decided to transition and become a man. As to why she is carrying a baby, she says they have always wanted to have a child of their own. Their initial attempts failed when Trystan suffered a miscarriage. But this time round they are certain that the dream will become a reality. They also have two other children that they adopted. The couple admits there are challenges that they face, especially when it comes to general public perception of them. But they insist they are happy and the doctors have been very supportive.

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Pregnancy: Mood Swings and Irritability

Mood changes during pregnancy can be caused by physical stresses, fatigues changes in your metabolism, or by the hormones estrogen and progesterone. Significant changes in your hormone levels can affect your level of neurotransmitters, which are brain chemicals that regulate mood. Mood swings are mostly experienced during the first trimester between 6 to 10 weeks and then again in the third trimester as your body prepares for birth. Being irritable is totally normal. A lot of pregnant women get irritated easily even by things that won't irritate them on a normal day. It is important to understand you are not alone; mood swings are just another aspect of the pregnancy experience. Knowing that what you are experiencing is normal and somewhat expected may help you cope. images (68) The following list includes ways to manage your stress level:

  • Get plenty of sleep ( this can't be overemphasized )
  • Take a break during the day to relax; don't over stress or overwork yourself
  • Get regular physical activity
  • Eat well
  • Spend time with your partner
  • Take a nap.
  • Go for a walk
  • Watch movies, shows and TV
  • Don’t be so hard on yourself
  • Get a massage or visit the spa
images (67) If your mood swings last more than two weeks and do not seem to get better, you may want to ask your health care provider for a referral to a counselor. Millions of  pregnant women are affected by this every year and it is most prevalent in women during childbearing years but can occur at any age. Some symptoms of depression include:
  • Recurrent anxiety and increased irritability
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Change in eating habits
  • Inability to concentrate on anything for very long
  • Short-term memory loss
If your mood swings become more frequent and intense, it is crucial that you speak with your health care provider about options for dealing with severe mood swings, anxiety or depression.  

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All you need to know about Breastfeeding and medication

One common area of concern for breastfeeding mothers is medication safety. It can be very difficult to accurately estimate what concentration of a drug finds its way via a mother’s blood stream through to her breast milk. But it is best to always be on the side of caution and seek expert pharmaceutical advice before taking any drug. Be suspicious until you have had professional guidance that what you plan to take is safe. Although a particular medication may be fine for you, even small concentrations of certain drugs can pose a risk to a small baby or child. Their metabolism may not be mature enough to cope and the consequences can be dangerous. prgo1 The factors which Influence Drug Concentration include;

  • The drug itself. Some drugs are considered safe for breastfeeding mothers to take. In the correct dosage and when taken as directed, they do not pose a risk.
  • The dose of a drug. Balancing therapeutic benefit for the mother whilst reducing the risk of harm to the baby is important.
  • The concentration of fat in the breastmilk. The fat component of milk is commonly where a drug is stored and transported.
  • When the drug has been taken in relation to breastfeeding. Drug concentrations vary depending on how much time has passed since they have been ingested. Generally there is a 1-2 hour time frame between ingesting a drug and it being detected in the breast milk.
  • Other drugs which are being taken at the same time. Some drugs interact with others and can either increase or reduce the effectiveness of each other.
  • When a meal was last eaten. Taking medication on an empty stomach changes the pattern of its absorption compared to when it is taken with a meal. Some foods are contra-indicated with particular medications and there is a risk of medical complications.
  • If the mother has had any alcohol to drink or taken any dangerous substances.
gggb General Recommendations
  • Breastfeeding is so beneficial to a mother and her baby that unless a drug is absolutely contra-indicated, stopping breastfeeding should not be necessary.
  • Lactating and breastfeeding mothers should avoid taking any medication unless it is genuinely warranted.
  • Mothers need to advise their prescribing doctor and/or pharmacist that they are breastfeeding. Ask specifically “Is this drug safe for me to take and will it harm my baby?” There are many evidenced based reference points which they can use to check. You may need to wait while they do a follow up.
  • If one medication is contra-indicated in breastfeeding, there are usually alternatives which may be considered.
  • Without medication, there is a risk that some medical conditions may worsen. Following the absolute philosophy of not taking anything whilst breastfeeding may not be realistic in all situations.
  • Generally, babies who have been exposed to a particular medication whilst in the uterus have already received a higher concentration than what they will receive via breast milk.
 Drug Side Effects in Breastfed Babies brt g These can vary, depending on the age and maturity of the baby and their size. Some of the more common side effects include:
  • Drowsiness and sleeping more than usual.
  • Fussiness and disinterest in breastfeeding.
  • A rash, diarrhoea, vomiting and unsettledness.
  • Gut discomfort and disturbance.
  • Some drugs change the odour and taste of breast milk to the point where the baby may refuse to feed.
Other substances can contain potentially harmful chemicals which pose a risk to a breastfed baby. These include: 1.   Alcohol 2.   Cigarettes 3.   Marijuana and other illicit drugs 4.   Caffeine Occasionally it is necessary for lactating mothers to express and discard their breast milk for a short period of time. This can happen when a breastfeeding mother has no other choice but to take a medication which is contra-indicated. Regular expression and breast emptying will help to maintain breast milk supply so that breastfeeds can resume as soon as possible.

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Arrival of your baby: Packing for the hospital

Packing for the hospital can be a daunting task. It is best to get some things ready before your due date just in case you go into labor a little earlier. This is a guide about things that many new moms have found useful during their labour and deliveries. pty Essentials For Mum

  • Hospital card
  • Pre-registration forms from the hospital
  • Nursing bra(s) – This supports swollen, tender breasts, and helps keep breast pads in place.
  • Sports bra – They are good for suppressing lactation if you are not planning on breast feeding.
  • Breast pads – You will need these whether or not you are breast feeding because they stop leaks by absorbing milk.
  • Nursing pillows – These can be used if you are breast feeding or bottle feeding; either way they reduce the strain on your arms, neck, and back when feeding your baby.
  • Nightgown and robe – Make sure they open in the front if you are planning on breast feeding.
  • Slippers – During early labor it is always recommended to walk around. These will also come in handy as you make trips to the nursery to check on your new baby.
  • Socks – Many women complain of their feet being cold during the delivery, so have a couple of pairs in case one pair becomes soiled.
  • Going-home outfit – Choose one that fit when you were around 6 months pregnant.
  • Toiletries – To be more comfortable, take a toothbrush, toothpaste, deodorant, lip balms, makeup, hairbrush, shampoo, soap, lotion
  • Sanitary pads – The hospital can provide you with these, but many women feel more comfortable when they bring their favorite brand with them. Remember, you are going to need a pad designed for a heavier flow e.g Comfit
  • Hair clip or band if you have long hair – Women with long hair like to have it pulled out of their faces during labor and delivery.
  • Pillow from home – This makes you more comfortable; just make sure you have a different colored pillow case on it to distinguish it from hospital pillows.
  • Extra wash cloths – These also need to be colored to distinguish them from the hospital’s wash cloths.
  • Magazines or books to read– You will not have a lot of free time, but there could be a few minutes here and there when you could read.
  • Mints or breath strips – Many women experience nausea during labor and delivery; these will help freshen your mouth or the mouths of your support people. These can alleviate dry mouth.
  • Breast feeding book – Take along any reference books that would be helpful.
  • Large envelope/file folder- This may be used to store any paperwork.
packing Essentials For Baby
  • Infant car seat and infant head support – You might not be allowed to leave the hospital without one; make sure you bring the instructions.
  • Going-home outfit
  • Hat – Babies lose the vast majority of their body heat through their heads.
  • Booties/socks
  • Receiving blankets – Newborns love to be swaddled, and these blankets are perfect for swaddling.
  • Newborn diapers – If they do not have the umbilical cord area cut out, make sure you fold them down.
  • Wipes – Begin with the wipes that are designed for newborns or sensitive skin.
  • Mittens – Many newborns will have longer nails, so they can easily scratch their face and other parts of their bodies.
Essentials For Partner
  • Change of clothes
  • Pajamas
  • Toiletries
  • Snacks – Labor can be a long process, so you want to be prepared.
  • Cooler filled with drinks and snacks – This keeps the partner close by and can help avoid multiple trips to the hospital cafeteria
  • Video/Camera – Make sure you have extra tapes, film, batteries, chargers, etc.
  • Massage oils – Many labor classes discuss the use of massage oils during class because they can help alleviate back labor.
  • Music player – Soothing music may help you and your partner relax both during and after labour.
Essentials For Siblings
  • Crayons, markers, paper, coloring books, toys,etc.
  • Gift from big brother/sister to the baby – This can be something that was picked out prior to delivery by the older sibling.
  • Gift from Mom and baby to the big brother/sister– Many times older siblings tend to get jealous around the birth of the baby. A special gift can help alleviate this problem and allow the big brother/sister to know that they are still important.
  It is very important to pack properly before the arrival of your baby. It's better to pack at least 3 weeks before your due date  just in case your baby comes a little early.

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Bleeding during pregnancy-  What’s normal and what’s not

Vaginal bleeding during pregnancy can occur frequently in the first trimester of pregnancy, and may not be a sign of problems. However, bleeding that occurs in the second and third trimester of pregnancy can often be a sign of a possible complication. Bleeding can be caused by a number of potential reasons. Some basic things to know about bleeding:

  • If you are bleeding, you should always wear a pad or panty liner, so that you can monitor how much you are bleeding and what type of bleeding you are experiencing.
  • You should never wear a tampon or introduce anything else into the vaginal area, such as douche or sexual intercourse, if you are currently experiencing bleeding.
  • If you are also experiencing any of the other symptoms mentioned below in connection with a possible complication, you should contact your health care provider immediately.
pregy Bleeding can be a sign of miscarriage, but does not mean that miscarriage is imminent. Signs of Miscarriage include:
  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Cramping pain felt low in the stomach (stronger than menstrual cramps)
  • Tissue passing through the vagina
Most miscarriages cannot be prevented. They are often the body’s way of dealing with an unhealthy pregnancy that was not developing. A miscarriage does not mean that you cannot have a future healthy pregnancy or that you yourself are not healthy. Since bleeding that occurs in the first half of pregnancy is so common, many wonder what the causes are besides some of the complications already mentioned. [re Bleeding can occur in early pregnancy due to the following factors:
  • Implantation bleeding can occur anywhere from 6-12 days after possible conception. Every woman will experience implantation bleeding differently—some will lightly spot for a few hours, while others may have some light spotting for a couple of days.
  • Some type of infection in the pelvic cavity or urinary tract may cause bleeding.
  • After intercourse, some women may bleed, because the cervix is very tender and sensitive. You should discontinue intercourse until you have been seen by your doctor. This is to prevent any further irritation—having normal sexual intercourse does not cause a miscarriage.
Finding out the cause of bleeding in pregnancy To work out what is causing the bleeding, you may need to have a vaginal or pelvic examination, an ultrasound scan or blood tests to check your hormone levels. Your doctor will also ask you about other symptoms, such as cramp, pain and dizziness. Sometimes the cause of bleeding cannot be found. If your symptoms are not severe and your baby is not due for a while, you will be monitored and, in some cases, kept in hospital for observation. How long you need to stay in hospital depends on the cause of the bleeding and how many weeks pregnant you are. Being in hospital allows staff to keep an eye on you and your baby, so they can act quickly if there are further problems.  

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Sad! Lady dies during child birth at Lagos hospital

A young lady, Chisom Anekwe (nee Okereke), has died under questionable circumstances recently during child birth at Magodo Specialist Hospital, Lagos. She was said to have had two children at the same hospital before she went there to deliver the third which later turned out to be 'a great mistake. The doctors were said to have neglected her during labour, deceived the husband to go prepare for blood transfusion just to cover up their tracks while he was away. Read the sad story below: "So, this is Chisom Anekwe (nee Okereke), a young, vivacious, graceful, kind-hearted and intelligent woman who had devoted her life to helping indigent kids and giving their lives a meaning. She’s an alumna of LEAP Africa. Chisom Anekwe Okereke "Two weeks ago, precisely April 30th 2017, Chisom died under questionable circumstances at Magodo Specialist Hospital while trying to birth her third offspring. We believe strongly that the authorities need to ensure that lives are taken sacred in hospitals like Magodo Specialist Hospital where such avoidable deaths are recorded. "Chisom was admitted in the hospital four days before she got into labour. She already had two daughters birthed in the same hospital and was there to birth her third child, a son. While at the hospital, no one attended to her when she needed the help to be delivered of the long awaited baby. She was left for hours in labour. This happened until her husband created a scene, which eventually caused the doctors to go to her ward and on inspection they found out that the baby had struggled and died. "The husband at this point requested for a CS which he paid for and even signed the consent form presented by the hospital. He was then tricked out of the room to go prepare for blood transfusion and on getting back, he found out that the doctors had induced the wife and delivered the dead baby without operation not minding that the CS procedure had been paid for. This was also without his consent. cb "During the process of delivering the baby, the placenta got ruptured and the doctors left her like that, no further attendance still. Shortly after, the husband noticed she was swelling up in her stomach area and called the attention of the doctors who said they were getting ready for a surgery, a preparation that took longer than usual. After waiting in vain for the surgical team, the frustrated husband went furiously to the reception to demand why they were wasting time only to discover the doctor had sneaked out of the hospital. "After waiting in vain for the surgical team, the frustrated husband went furiously to the reception to demand why they were wasting time only to discover the doctor had sneaked out of the hospital under funny pretences. At this point he got other hospital staff to wheel her out of the hospital and in that process Chisom died! "This is the story of most young women who die while giving birth as a result of the callousness, ignorance and carelessness of inexperienced doctors. "In this era, we shouldn't be talking about Child and Maternal Mortality especially when it can be avoided. This could have been avoided but it wasn't and now Chisom Jane Anekwe is a victim and has been added to the statistics. "We demand; "1. That Magodo Specialist Hospital, Shangisha, Lagos, be investigated for their actions and the subsequent death of Chisom. "2. That both the Nigerian Medical Association NMA and the Medical and Dentist Council of Nigeria, MDCN ensure that supposed Specialist Hospitals who claim to have a resident Gynecologist are verified. "3. That there be justice for Chisom!"

In the meantime the funeral was held today

The funeral of a mother of two, Mrs Chisom Anekwe, who died under questionable circumstances during childbirth at the Magodo Specialist Hospital in Lagos on April 30th, took place today. Her husband, family members and friends were present at the funeral.

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Pregnancy: When your waters break..

In a lot of movies and TV shows, labour always starts with a pop – the heavily pregnant woman’s waters break and there’s a sudden puddle to deal with. You might be feeling nervous about going into public toilet at the end of your pregnancy incase your waters break, but in actual fact your labour is much more likely to begin with contractions. Around 10-15% of women experience a rupture of the membranes at the start of labour. Even so, those women rarely deal with a large puddle of fluid. In most cases the waters slowly leak rather than gush. Whether a gush or a slow leak, this happens most often overnight or as you get up in the morning, so it’s a good idea to put a waterproof mat on your mattress just in case. When Do Your Waters Break? Your baby’s growing in a sac surrounded by amniotic fluid. This sac and fluid protects your baby from infection, provides lubrication for growth and movement, and provides a warm overall protected environment. As your baby gets close to being born, they usually assume a head down position head low in your pelvis – this is called engaging. th (59) The fluid between your baby’s head and your cervix is called the forewaters, and the fluid above your baby’s head is called the hindwaters. For most women the amniotic membrane ruptures just before the pushing stage of labour, when your cervix is fully dilated. This is due to the pressure of your baby being pushed down. If your baby is head down and engaged, only the forewaters can escape. This is usually seen as a small gush or trickle – the hindwaters are blocked from gushing by the baby’s head. If contractions begin and labour progresses, eventually the hindwaters will begin to leak, squeezed out in trickles or gushes. It’s possible to have a hindwater leak, which may even reseal and stop leaking. This is more common if contractions don’t start after the amniotic sac ruptures. If the waters break and the baby is high (not engaged) there’s a risk of cord prolapse, where the cord comes out before the baby’s head. This is an uncommon but serious situation, and requires immediate help. While there’s no way to know when your water will rupture, there’s no need to confine yourself indoors just because you’re close to your estimated due date. It’s normal to feel anxious about the possibility of your waters breaking, but be assured for most women it isn’t a dramatic scene. Being prepared for the possibility of an unexpected rupture might help alleviate some anxiety. Be prepared by keeping a stash of pads handy and towels in your car. Some new mothers have reported the waters seeping into the cars eat can cause a smell, and it can apparently erode the internal parts of your seat. th (60)   Signs Your Waters Have Broken When the waters break, some women hear a pop sound, but some don’t. There may be a gush or just a trickle – it’s different for everyone. The following are good indicators that your waters have broken: Having no control over the flow of fluid A panty liner is inadequate to absorb the fluid The pad is wet more than once, needing to be replaced The fluid is odourless and doesn’t smell like urine. If your waters have broken, they should be clear or have a slight pink tinge to them. If there is a green, brown or other colour present contact your doctor immediately. Some women describe their waters smelling a bit like semen, so if you do notice a smell, mention this to the midwife. What Happens After Your Water Breaks? If you think your waters have broken, make a note of the time and pop on a pad (don’t use tampons). Get to the maternity ward to see medical practitioners. They will ask you a few questions to determine if your waters have broken and what to do next. There’s no need to feel embarrassed if it turns out you have had a bladder leak – it’s a common occurrence during late pregnancy. Waters breaking doesn’t mean contractions will start fast immediately. So if you are out or on your own, do not panic. You are likely to have some time before active labour begins. Amniotic fluid constantly replenishes itself so there’s no need to worry that you’ll have a ‘dry birth’. It’s important to remember once the amniotic sac has ruptured there is a risk of bacteria reaching your baby. Avoid having sex or inserting anything into your vagina (like tampons). You can have a bath if you wish. Waters Breaking And Infection Once the waters have broken, the seal around your baby is no longer there to prevent bacteria reaching your baby. For this reason, vaginal examinations are best avoided once your waters have broken. Even if your midwife or doctor is wearing gloves, there is the potential that bacteria can be pushed upwards towards the cervix. There’s also a risk of infection if an instrument such as an internal scalp monitor is used. These monitors are inserted into the vagina and clipped to your baby’s head, which allows bacteria to be pushed up as well. If your waters are broken artificially to start labour, you may be told you need have antibiotics immediately or within 4 or so hours to prevent infection. You can ask to be monitored for signs of infection (increasing temperature) instead of opting for antibiotics straight away. Research is showing the use of antibiotics during labour is impacting babies’ future health. While contractions may get under way, you are more at risk for further interventions such as an assisted birth or c-section. Find out more about the difference between natural labour and induced labour. If your waters break remember to stay calm. This is just the beginning of a process that can last anything from minutes to days before contractions actually begin. Get as much rest as you can. Don’t be tempted to be climbing the stairs or bouncing on your birth ball in an attempt to get things going. Your contractions will begin when the time is right and you don’t want to go into labour already exhausted.

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Drinks to avoid while pregnant 

Most pregnant women are aware of diet dos and don'ts during pregnancy. However, when it comes to beverages or drinks, they do not have much knowledge. Some of them which are considered actually 'healthy' otherwise may actually have an adverse effect during pregnancy. Some of the drinks mentioned below are termed as health drinks, some boast medicinal and other equivalent qualities, but they are not all that great for an expectant mum. Beware of these healthy but pregnancy-unfriendly drinks: Green Tea: Herbal teas are usually considered safe and are known to be loaded with antioxidants. Green tea is herbal and good for health, but refrain from having it during pregnancy. There isn't enough documentation available to show that green tea is good for pregnant women. During pregnancy your metabolism levels are high as such, green tea increases it further and this is not advisable. Green tea also have some caffeine in it so unlimited sips is going to do you as much damage as regular tea. Also excessive consumption of green tea can lead to less absorption of folic acid during pregnancy making you and your baby susceptible to folic acid deficiency diseases. gree Alcohol: Occasional indulgences are fine, but if you cross the line know about its perils too. Too much alcohol intake during pregnancy can lead to poor growth and improper brain development in the foetus. It can also lead to abnormal facial features in the baby and mental retardation. Even if you restrict yourself to one drink a day your baby might still be at the risk for having problems with learning, speech, attention span, language, and hyperactivity after birth. Soft drinks: They are great thirst quenchers, but now its better you go natural and cut out on fizzy drinks. Soft drinks have caffeine in their content and some can also have chemicals called quinine in them. So caffeine and chemicals both in one drink can cause double damage if taken in large quantities. Iced tea: Go slow on this. Though each sip might make you feel refreshed and rejuvenated this drink also has high amounts of caffeine in it. Coffee: If you cannot do without your daily caffeine fix, limit your intake to just two cups a day. Ideally taking coffee away from your diet completely is the best thing. Excessive caffeine intake during pregnancy especially during the first trimester can lead to miscarriages or other health related issues in the fetus. It is better to exercise moderation here and limit intake. landscape-1448391583-gettyimages-564724865 Diet Soda: This is not only loaded with caffeine, but lots of artificial sweeteners too. Saccharine, an ingredient used in the artificial sweeteners can cause birth defects in the baby if had in excess quantity. This ingredient can cross over the placenta and reach the fetus and harm the baby. Even otherwise during pregnancy one is advised to stay away from artificial sweeteners for the same reason. Unpasteurized juices or milk: Make sure you read labels before picking up them. Avoid any juice or dairy product that says unpasteurized on the label. Because these products can contain bacteria in them which can lead to food-borne disease in the mother. If it crosses over the placenta and reaches the fetus it can hamper neurological development. Pregnancy is a very delicate state. Before taking anything, either food or drink, be sure to check with your doctor.